Index. ▫Jain Agam (Canonical) Literature ƒ Definition ƒ Classification ƒ Listings of Sutras ƒ Summary of Agams by Jainsects ƒ History of Preservation ƒ Agam. The Agama scriptures have been composed by Lord Tirthankaras by way of their meanings, whereas by ‘Sutra’ they have been composed by Lord Gandharas. Phone:: +91 22 1. ĀGAMA – AN INTRODUCTION (English): This booklet provides a brief summary of each Āgama with a few key sutras highlighted.
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Agam literature consists of many texts, which are the sacred books of the Jain religion. In the absence of authentic scriptures, Digambars follow two main texts, three commentaries on main texts, and four Anuyogs consisting of more than 20 texts as the basis for their religious philosophy and practices. This agam describes the conduct and behavior of ascetic life. They consist of 14 texts according to the Digambar sect, 34 texts according to the Swetambar Murtipujak sect, and 21 texts according to the Sthanakvasi and Terapanthi sects.
The Agam Sutras show great reverence for all forms of life and strict codes of vegetarianism, asceticism, nonviolence, and opposition to war. They have used the original Agam Sutras as the basis for their work.
Jain Agamas – Wikipedia
Collectively these texts are called Jain canonical or Agam literature. Suras earliest versions of Jain Agamas known were written in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit language. Number of Ang-bayha agams Lost. Upasaka Dashanga Sutra Uvasagdasao: All Swetambar Jains believe that the original intent and proper meaning of the eleven Ang-agams survived and were properly documented by elder monks Acharyas during the three conferences that were held by Swetambar ascetics in the past.
The scriptures which describe independent or miscellaneous subjects of the Jain religion are known as Prakirna-sutras. Ethics Ethics of Jainism Sallekhana. The scriptures which are essential for monks and nuns to study in the early stages of their ascetic life are called Mool-sutras.
Jain texts Religious literature. They did not fight sktras King Chetaka in the war. This agam describes the names, positions, and residences of Devas angels who live in heaven. Agam literature wutras of many texts, which are the sacred books of the Jain religion. The Jain literature which was compiled by Ganadharas and Srut-kevlis is known as Agam literature. In the end all ten princes went to hell after dying in war. They relate to the conduct and behavior of monks and nuns.
The earliest versions of Jain Agamas known were composed in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit. He appeared from heaven to shower Lord Mahavir with unprecedented pomp and splendor. This agam explains how Lord Neminath convinced ten kings in the Vrashni region to follow the Jain religion. This anuyoga sutas of the following texts, which contain philosophical doctrine, theories, metaphysics, Tattvajnan, and like literature.
However, they were gradually lost starting from one hundred fifty years after Lord Mahavir’s nirvana. Yasovijaya defends idol-worshiping in this work.
Hence, the Jain religion does not have one sacred book like the Bible or Koran, but it has many books compiled by Gandharas and Srut-kevalis during years after Lord Mahavir’s nirvan death. The books of Jainism were written in the popular vernacular dialects as opposed to Sanskrit which was the classical standard of Brahmanismand therefore encompass a number of related dialects.
Agamas are texts of Jainism based on the discourses of the tirthankara. Part of a series on. Siddha-Hem-Shabdanushasana” by Acharya Hemachandra c. This agam describes nonviolence, Jain metaphysics, and the refutation of other religious theories such as Kriyavada, Akriyavada, Ajnanavada, and Vinayavada.
Ang Agam sutras contain direct preaching of Lord Mahavir. It consists of the following texts, which contain geography, mathematics, astronomy, astrology, and like literature. Retrieved from ” https: This agam has the same place in Jain literature as the Dhammapada in Buddhism and the Geeta in the Hindu religion. It also defines in clear terms what is acceptable conduct for monks and nuns and what is not. Surya Prajnapti Sutra Surya Pannti: However, they believe that they were gradually lost starting from one hundred fifty years after Lord Mahavir’s nirvana.
The daily rituals or routines which it is necessary to perform during the day and night for the purification of soul are called Avashyaka. These are believed to agaj originated from Rishabhanathathe first tirthankara.
It explains the magnitude of pain one has to suffer if he or she breaks the fourth vow chastity. This was later detailed by Mallisena c.
Jain Agam Literature
However, other Jain scriptures and literature reference the subject matter of the Purvas. For example, almost all early Kannada literature and many Tamil works were written by Jains.
Some of the important works are Harivamshapurana of Jinasena c. Retrieved from ” https: This agam defines and catalogues the main substances of the Jain religion from a different perspective than the Sthananga Sutra.
These are said to be based on the discourse of the tirthankaradelivered in a samavasarana divine preaching hall. Mulachar Vattaura A.
The scriptures, which provide further explanation of Ang-agams, are called Upang-agams. It was classified in five parts. Agama is a Sanskrit word which signifies the ‘coming’ of a body of doctrine by means of transmission through a lineage of authoritative teachers.