Self-anchoring category rating scales seem to fulfill this requirement, since satisfaction is also referred to in the literature as the Self-Anchoring Striving Scale . Scales by Ed Diener. Joseph Smiley Distinguished Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, University of Illinois., Source: Hadley Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Striving. negative feelings); Brief Psychological Well-Being Scale; Comprehensive Psychological Well-Being Scale; Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Striving Scale (Ladder).

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This is the first time acntril all these different types of measures have been collected jointly in a population survey. It is increasingly understood that traditional economic measures are necessary, but not sufficient, to measure societal progress Stiglitz et al. In most ways my life is close to ideal.

cantirl We concentrate here on demographic and socio-economic determinants. Overall, to what extent do you feel that the things you do in your life are worthwhile? The p values mentioned in the last rows refer to a test of joint significance of the indicator variables for the categories race, education, income, age, and work status.

To be more precise, respondents are randomized into one of nine different groups for the experienced well-being measures: However for self-anchoriing Gallup scale the effects are reversed. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. The extended satisfaction with life scale: These are all items that are not included in the Gallup item list.

Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Ladder

Journal of Economic Psychology. Combining individual and national variables to explain subjective well-being. The internal structure of positive and negative affect: The conditions of my life are excellent. The difficulty of investigating such effects is made obvious by Lucas and Lawlesswho note that while weather has often been found to affect the mood and life satisfaction of respondents, this may have been the result of different climates, or time of the year, as they find no effect of weather itself in a large scale study.


Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Respondents do not need Internet access to participate, although the majority of the panel members have their own Internet access.

Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being

The RAND continuous presidential election poll. Testing the proportionality of coefficients—evaluative measures p values. On the other hand, HWB12 Troubled and Gallup Fatigue do not pass the null of proportionality, indeed suggesting that these scales measure something different.

HWB12 generates three experienced factors.

Two factors emerge when keeping factors with eigenvalues greater than one. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. How did you feel when you were travelling or commuting yesterday? Whereas for evaluative well-being we observe a strong positive relation with income, such a relation is hardly discernible for experienced well-being. Now, please pause briefly to think about yesterdayfrom the morning until the end of the day.

An important question of interest when fielding a survey on subjective well-being questions is the reliability of the resulting measures. By and large that pattern is confirmed for the various well-being measures in the table. Whether one finds a relation or not appears to depend on the kind of response scale used in eliciting items. Well-being over time in Britain and the USA. As noted in Sect. Experiment We fielded two waves of the ALP where we administered four evaluative well-being measures and three sets of experienced well-being measures.

Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Ladder

The anatomy of subjective well-being. Judgmental processes and their methodological implications. Measuring subjective wellbeing for public policy: Toward national well-being accounts.

In particular, we designed two experimental modules that were fielded in the ALP including some of the evaluative and eudemonic well-being measures described above, as well as a number of experienced measures.


Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being

We make use of this feature in this paper by designing two experimental modules that were administered in the ALP. Sacle most widely used among the latter is the Satisfaction with Life Scale SWLSwhich measures life satisfaction by asking respondents to report their level of agreement with five statements on a seven-point response scale from strongly disagree to strongly agree Diener ; Diener et al.

Recent government initiatives in countries such as France, through the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress Stiglitz et stribing. Happiness in everyday life: Respondents who completed the first wave were then invited to answer questions in the second wave. Frequent measurements permit the detection of variation in affect over time and during particular activities, and thus yield high reliability and validity of measures Csikszentmihalyi and Hunter How did you spend your time and how did you feel?

According to the Gallup scales Blacks and Hispanics experience less positive affect, while the HWB12 scale shows no significant effects of ethnicity on positive affect. Although the concepts asked in the cantrril measures are in some cases sfriving same, measures differ in the response scales used and so, we will study the correspondence eslf-anchoring these different response scales. The two ONS questions about yesterday are, as discussed earlier, really experienced measures, and we observe lower correlations amongst them between two waves.