Centrosema macrocarpum. Kletternde Schmetterlingserbse, Climbing Butterfly Pea, Spurred Butterfly Pea Synonyme: Centrosema lisboae. Image of Centrosema macrocarpum. Centrosema lisboae Trusted C. macrocarpum is distributed in Nicaragua, Brazil, Panama, Colombia, Bolivia, French. Centrosema macrocarpum Benth. Search in The Plant List Search in IPNI Search in Australian Plant Name Index Search in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Search in.

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Scientific name

See Terms of Use for details. Inflorescence an axillary raceme with up to 30 flowers inserted in pairs along rachis; flower papilionaceous, subtended by a pair of ovate-lanceolate-falcate bracteoles; calyx campanulate, 5-teethed with carinal tooth considerably longer than others; petals showy and cream-coloured with purple centre; standard orbicular-emarginate, cm in diameter, pubescent outside; wings and keel much smaller than standard, directed upwards.

Grazed pastures in mixture with grasses, as legume -only protein banks, cut-and-carry, and soil cover in orchards and plantations. Leaf-eating insects can be a problem during dry periods. It is suitable for cut-and-carry systems and can also be used as ground cover in plantation agriculture. Tripping of flowers by large insects required for pod set. Despite the legume’s adaptation to moderately fertile to infertile soils, it responds well to maintenance fertilization with these nutrients.

Fact sheet – Centrosema macrocarpum

Flower and immature pods. Pod linear, compressed, up to 30 cm long, 1 cm wide, straight to slightly bent and beaked, subglabrous, containing up to 25 seeds, dehiscent. None of the economically important diseases of the genus Rhizoctonia foliar blight, anthracnose, Cercospora leaf-spot, and bacterial blight has been observed to affect C. Ovate leaflets, immature pods and seeds. Grasses suitable for association with C.


In order to break hardseededness, mechanical or acid-scarification of seed is necessary. Click on images to enlarge Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf.

A robust perennial, taprooted vine, prostrate in absence of a support; trailing stems with variable tendency to root at nodes. A breeding project aimed at introducing the acid-soil tolerance of C. A twining perennial with dehiscent pods. Soybean mosaic virus infection by aphids has been reported. Depending on plant age and soil fertility, N concentration in leaves ranges from 3. It has good tolerance of soil acidity including Al and Mn toxicity, and of low available P.

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Centrosema macrocarpum Benth. — The Plant List

Because of its centroxema to acid, infertile soils and drought, and its high productivity and nutritive value and good disease macrocaprum, C. Retrieved from ” https: In pasture systems it can be grazed in pure legume stands “protein bank” or in a mixture with grass.

Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account. The legume is usually grazed or is consumed as fresh material after mowing.

The legume grows well on a range of soils, provided they are well drained, but preferably on medium-textured soils. Stems pilose with greyish hairs when young, glabrescent, lignified at base. Once established, it is very drought-tolerant and can remain green during dry seasons as long as months. Adapted to low- to medium-fertility, well drained soils of various textures, particularly loams. Macrofarpum Read View source View history.


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When used in grazed pastures, legume persistence will be enhanced if C. Spread is localised by stolon development, extensive spread being limited by low amounts of seed produced under grazing. Warm season growth only. Tap-rooted, trailing perennial herb with slender stems, rooting at the nodes in some genotypes. Cookies help us deliver our services. Experimental lines have spread to many tropical countries for testing, including in South-East Asia.

Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf. The species is well represented in the collection held by CIAT Colombia where a large number of quite variable accessions are available. Tolerates very acid conditions, with high soluble Al and Mn.

Tripping of flowers, usually by large insects such as bumblebees, is required for seed-setting. With Brachiaria dictyoneura – being grazed at Quilichao, Colombia.

Further conditions which promote flowering are the removal of accumulated biomass and the provision of support for plants to climb up. Fertilization with P and K enhances establishment of C. The main use of C. Pasturas Tropicales11 As it has specific Bradyrhizobium requirements, seed must be inoculated with an appropriate strain if the legume is to be established where it has not been sown before. Evidence of considerable outcrossing has been observed in C.

As yet, no cultivar has been released. Not seriously affected by the major Centrosema diseases, Rhizoctonia foliar blight, anthracnose, Cercospora leaf-spot and bacterial wilt.