Gnetum africanum is an evergreen Climber growing to 12 m (39ft) by m (1ft 4in) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The plant is not self-fertile. Suitable . PDF | Gnetum africanum is a forest liana that grows abundantly in Central Africa, South America, and tropical and subtropical Asia. Its leaves. J Med Food. Nov;14(11) doi: /jmf Epub Aug Gnetum africanum: a wild food plant from the African forest with many.

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Female plants are often have stronger stems, and are more vigorous and productive than male plants[]. The 2 African species, which are very similar, have been classified in section Gnetumsubsection Micrognemones. Nursery beds under shade and made of well-decomposed sawdust or fine river sand can be used for gnetm ].

Gnetum africanumfrom the coastal rainforest of Cameroon. In experiments, nutrients, especially nitrogen, have shown a positive effect on growth and rate of leaf development. Alternatives to destructive harvesting of eru should be found.

Eru is still mainly collected from wild stands, but farmers often retain it when clearing fields. Overexploitation is partly caused by unsustainable forest clearing practices throughout regions in Africa. See Terms of Use for details. Leafy stems remain fresh for at least a week after harvesting[ ]. The distinctly coloured drupe-like seeds are probably dispersed by birds and other animals. The stem is supple and strong. A plant of humid, lowland tropical rainforests, being found at elevations from sea level to 1, metres[ ].

The leaf is used in the treatment of enlarged spleen, sore throat, piles, high blood pressure and as a cathartic[]. The first harvest may take place 6 – 9 months after planting.


Gnetum africanum (PROTA) – PlantUse English

The plant continues to grow during the dry season and new shoots may develop where the stem has been cut or where side shoots have been removed[ ]. Ectomycorrhizae assist the roots in absorption of nutrients; the most common species reported is Scleroderma sinnamarense.

Soltis and Michael J. Parkinson, Yuchang Cheng, Thomas M. Africqnum gymnosperms are monophyletic and Gnetales’ closest relatives are conifers.

This species should also be looked at in this respect[ ]. Leafy stems remain fresh for at least a week.

All plant pages have their own unique code. New shoots are also formed from rhizomes that spread along the forest floor. To leave a comment please Register or login aficanum All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

The leaves are chewed to mitigate the effects of drunkenness and they are taken as an enema against constipation[ ].

Gnetum africanum

Gnetum africanum Gnetum africanumfrom the coastal rainforest of Cameroon. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. It is used as a rope[ ], made into traps and nooses for catching game, and into aafricanum for porterage[ wfricanum.

Gnetum africanum has been noted as an anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic and antioxidant. Gnetum buchholzianum gnteum more popular with consumers and more expensive because its leaves are generally thicker than those of Gnetum africanum. In trade, consignments of Gnetum africanum and Gnetum buchholzianum are often mixed. Eru can be found in rainforest from sea-level up to m altitude, and prefers an annual rainfall of about mm.

It prefers moist soil. The dry matter content of fresh leaves is much higher than for other dark or medium green leaf vegetables. They are usually cooked with meat or fish and occasionally consumed as a salad. Fibre levels average approximately The Centre gnetun International Forestry Research CIFOR has been working with women to create sustainable cultivation practices of Gnetum africanumas well as forest restoration techniques.



The narrowly oval leaves are papery-like and in groups of three and the branches are thickened at the nodes. To soften this gnetjm tough vegetable, people often mix it with waterleaf Talinum triangulare [ ].

It is high in glutamic acidleucineand aspartic acidwith low levels of histidineand cysteinewhile africanu appears to be trace amounts of tryptophan in the plant.

The leaves of this species are somewhat thinner and paler than the dark green leaves of the related Gnetum buchholzianum[ ].

Gnetum africanum – Wikipedia

Reporting Science in Africa. It is hardy to zone UK The orthotropic ones have small, scale-like leaves and rapidly grow vertically, reaching the main branches of a tree where they produce plagiotropic stems with fully developed leaves. Occasionally, trees have to be cut to reach leafy stems in the canopy. QR Code What’s this? Economically, Gnetum africanum can be used as a means to maintain a supplemental income as it is available throughout the year, [13] and may be used as a form of supplementary income for rural farmers in Cameroon.

Seed plant phylogeny inferred from all three plant genomes: More frequent harvesting will result in thin leaves that are considered inferior[ ]. Seed collection is thus far from easy, a further reason why eru is hardly cultivated.