Authors. Alasdair MacIntyre. University of Notre Dame. Follow. Abstract. This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for , given by Alasdair Maclntyre, a Scottish. the nature of a more sophisticated patriotism comes from Scottish philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre, in an essay titled “Is Patriotism a Virtue?”. Patriotism raises questions of the sort philosophers characteristically discuss: How is patriotism to be defined? How is it related to similar.
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Martin Hughes – – Cogito 3 2: It is rather a common enterprise that produces and distributes a wide range of benefits. Failing to show that concern, however, cannot be unfair — except on the question-begging assumption that, in addition to state law, cooperation on this scale is also based on, and regulated by, a moral rule enjoining special concern for the well-being of the country and compatriots.
MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
Some of these objections can easily be countered. Patriotism as an Environmental Virtue. This is only a definition.
And these attitudes can and do quite easily turn ugly and hateful and warlike. An Argument for Unpatriotic Patriotism.
If patriotism is neither a moral duty nor a supererogatory virtue, then all its moral pretensions have been deflated. Now citizenship obviously has considerable instrumental value; but how is it valuable in itself?
We are not transcendent. A parallel discussion in political philosophy concerns the kind of patriotism that might provide an alternative to nationalism as the ethos of a stable, well-functioning polity. The fatherland is the constitution, to which we give maclntyre. As such it does not privilege the Nation State, and certainly could not vvirtue used to justify the extreme Nationalism that one sees.
A patriot of this, distinctively ethical type, would want to see justice done, rights respected, human solidarity at work at any time and in any place. Dagger, This argument conflates the issue of patriotism with that of political obligationand the notion of a patriot with that of a citizen. As Richard Dagger puts it:. Moreover, of the few well known philosophers cited, only one, J.
What is the case for the claim that moderate patriotism is morally mandatory — that we have a duty of special concern for the well-being of our country and compatriots, similar to special duties to family or friends?
New Society Publishers, 51—, — Others have argued against patriotism of any sort GombergMcCabeKeller Understanding what is owed to and by me and understanding the history of the communities of which I am a part is … one and the same thing.
PEL Citizens also have free access to podcast transcripts, guided readings, episode guides, PEL music, and other citizen-exclusive material. Yet Keller may be overstating his case as one against virtie as such. Reprinted in Primoratz ed. Likewise with the serial killer who has ceased to be human. Patriotism in a Multicultural SocietyCambridge: Click here to join.
In what is still the sole book-length philosophical study of the subject, Stephen Nathanson34—35 defines patriotism as involving:. Mirror Sites View this site from another server: For an adherent of this type of patriotism, it is not enough that the country is her country. Patriotic duty owes its moral force to the moral force of those universal duties. Exploring this middle ground has led some philosophers to macintyree positions accommodating both the universal and the particular point of view — both the mandates of universal justice and claims of common humanity, and the concern for the patria and compatriots.
Someone showing concern for the well-being of others well beyond the degree of concern for others required of all of us is considered a morally better person than the rest of us other things equalan example of supererogatory virtue. These end-states perfect or fully actualize some set of dispositions, some potentiality.
It is stupid because every patriot holds his own country to be the best of all whereas, obviously, only one country can qualify. That has led political theorists to look for alternatives.
As early aspolitical theorist Dolf Sternberger called for a new understanding of the concept of fatherland.
MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
But there are important benefits we have received from our country; the argument is that we are bound to show gratitude for them, and that the appropriate way to do so is to show special concern for the well-being of the country and compatriots.
This leads her mscintyre hide from herself the true source of some of the beliefs involved. It will therefore be virfue morally unobjectionable by all except some adherents of a strict type of cosmopolitanism. Routledge, in Association with the Open University Not much needs to be said about the patriotlsm standing of this type of patriotism, as it amounts to rejection of morality. We can not assign human freedom in the form of an ontological category because it is rapidly firtue apparent the world is not and never will be in any way for-us, our pitiful existence pales in comparison with its vast expanse, our consciousness is in many ways very similar to a rock lying on a windy plain being carved patfiotism by its environment, before whatever life or process follows each of us is inevitably vaporized by the expanding sun.
When these are exhibited in a reasonable degree and without ill thoughts about others and hostile actions towards them, that is patriotism; when they become unbridled and cause one to think ill of others and act badly towards them, that is nationalism.
Patriotism and Human Rights: For Aristotle, what is good for human beings are certain end-states toward which we naturally tend. This might not be a very satisfactory answer; patriotis might agree with J.